This project was funded by a grant from the University of Iowa's Office for the Vice President of Research and Economic Development, administered by Cheryl Ridgeway. Ongoing support is provided by the UI Office of the State Archaeologist.

Text and primary research: William E. Whittaker, Office of the State Archaeologist, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 42242,

Bill Whittaker received his Ph.D. from the University of Iowa in 2002, he is editor of the Journal of the Iowa Archeological Society and editor and co-author of Frontier Forts of Iowa (2009, University of Iowa Press) and The Archaeological Guide to Iowa (2015, University of Iowa Press). His specialties includes early historic-era archaeology and zooarchaeology.

Many thanks to the archaeologists and historians who helped me find historic-era Indian locations and understand their significance: Lynn Alex, Al Becker, Colin Betts, Angela Collins, Jim Collins, John Doershuk, Colleen Eck, Lance Foster, Kathy Gourley, Bill Green, John Hedden, George Horton, Barbara MacLeish, Cindy Nagel, Al Nelson, Mike Perry, Cindy Peterson, Leah Rogers, Shirley Schermer, and many others. Christine Nobiss and George Lindblade provided personal photos for this project.